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Psychology (ancient Greek. ψυχή — soul; λόγος — knowledge) is an academic and applied science of behavior and mental processes.

Scientific psychology— system of theoretical (conceptual), methodological a also experimental properties of knowledge and investigation of psychic phenomena; the transition from unlimited a diverse description of these phenomena to their precise substantive definition, to the possibility of methodical registration, eksperimentalnogo of establishing causal relationships and regularities, to ensure continuity of their own results.

Psychology is a area of scientific knowledge, exploring the features and patterns of occurrence, formation and development (change) mental processes (sensation, perception, memory, thinking, imagination), mental States (tension, motivation, frustration, emotions, feelings) and mental properties (orientation, abilities, inclinations, character, temperament) rights, that is, the psyche as a special form of life and psyche of animals.

Today psychology is the science about the regularities of development and functioning of the psyche as a special form of life. Psychology is a branching system of Sciences, it highlights a relatively independent sub-sectors: age psychology, pedagogical, medical, military, social, management psychology and others.