The Luscher test

Luscher test

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      Luscher test is based on the assumption that the choice of color often reflects the focus of the subject on a certain activity, mood, functional status and the most stable personality traits.

Foreign psychologists sometimes used Luscher test for career guidance in the selection of personnel, the acquisition of the production teams, ethnic"; gerontological studies, with recommendations on the selection of marriage partners. The meaning of the colors in their psychological interpretation were identified during the survey numerous diverse contingent of different subjects.

Characteristics of colors (according to Max Luscher) includes 4 basic and 4 additional colors.

Main color:

1) blue — symbolizes peace, contentment;

2) blue-green — a sense of confidence, persistence, stubbornness sometimes;

3) orange-red — symbolizes the strength of willpower, aggressive, offensive tendencies, agitation;

4) light yellow — activity, desire to communicate, expansiveness, and gaiety.

If there is a conflict in optimal condition main color should occupy mainly the first five positions.

Optional color:

5) purple; 6) brown 7) black 8) zero(0).

Represent negative tendencies: anxiety, stress, experiencing fear, frustration. The meaning of these colors (as main) is mostly determined by their relative position, distribution position, as will be illustrated below.

Manual (psychologist): "Shuffle the color cards and place the color surface to the top. Ask the subject to choose from eight colors that which he loves most. Thus it is necessary to explain that should he choose the color as such, not trying to correlate it with your favorite color in clothes, color of eyes, etc. the Subject must select the most pleasing Color of the eight. The card with the selected color should be set aside, turning the colored side down. Ask them to choose from the remaining seven colors are the most pleasant. The selected card should put the color side down to the right of the first. Repeat the above procedure. Write down the card numbers in the unfolded order. After 2-3 min again put the cards color side up and do the same. In this case, explain that you don't have to remember the order of pickup in the first choice and consciously change previous order. It needs to choose colors like and for the first time.

The first choice in the Luscher's test characterizes the desired state, and the second is valid. Depending on the purpose of the study is to interpret the results of appropriate testing."

As a result of testing received eight positions; first and second clear preference (indicated by + + );

third and fourth — preference (indicated by x x);

fifth and sixth — indifference to the color (indicated by = = );

seventh and eighth — antipathy to the color (indicated by — —)

Based on the analysis of more than 36,000 of research results M. lüscher gave an exemplary description of the selected items:

1st position reflects a means of achieving the goal (e.g. selection of blue color indicates the intention to act calmly, without undue stress);

2 shows the position of the goal sought by the subject;

The 3rd and 4th positions characterize the preference of color and reflect the true feeling of the subjects in a situation in which it is located or a course of action that tells him the situation;

5th and 6th positions characterize the indifference to color, a neutral attitude toward it. They seem to indicate that the subject does not associate their condition, mood, motifs with data colors. However, in certain situations this position may include back treatment of color, for example, blue color (color of peace) is postponed temporarily as inappropriate for the situation;

7th and 8th positions characterize a negative attitude to color, the desire to suppress a need, a motive, a mood reflected by the color.

+

+

X

X

=

=

-

-

3

4

1

0

2

5

6

7

Recording of the selected colors is carried out by the list of numbers in order of preference with the indication of positions. For example, if you select red, yellow, blue, gray, green, purple, brown and black, you will write:

Zones (+ +; x x; = = - - -) form 4 functional groups.

The interpretation of test results

As noted, one of the methods of interpretation of the results of the selection is to assess the situation of primary colors. If they take the position then fifth, then, summarizes their properties, the requirements are not satisfied, therefore, we have the anxious, negative state.

Discusses the relative position of the primary colors. When, for example, No. 1 and 2 (blue and yellow) are adjacent (forming functional group) underlines their common subjective intent "inside". The joint position of colors 2 and 3 (green and red) indicates the autonomy, independence in decision-making, initiative. The combination of colors No. 3 and 4 (red and yellow) emphasizes the direction "outward". The combination of colors No. 1 and 4 (blue and yellow) enhances performance based on subjects from the environment. The combination of colors No. 1 and 3 (blue and red) one group emphasizes a favorable balance based on the environment and the subjective direction (blue) and autonomy orientation to the "outside" (red color). The combination of green and yellow flowers (No. 2 and 4) is considered as opposed to the subjective desire "inside", the autonomy of the stubborn desire to "outside", depending on the medium.

The main colors, according to Max Lusher, symbolize the following psychological needs:

1 (blue) - the need for satisfaction, tranquility, sustained positive affection;

2 (green) - the need for self-assertion;

№ 3 (red) - the need to actively act and achieve success;

№ 4 (yellow) - the need for perspective, hopes for the best, dreams.

If the main colors are in 1st — 5th positions, it is considered that these needs to some extent satisfied, how satisfied are perceived; if they are in the 6th — 8th positions, is any conflict, anxiety, dissatisfaction due to adverse circumstances. Reject the color can be seen as a source of stress. For example, reject the blue color indicates dissatisfaction with the lack of peace, attachment.

Max Lüscher took into account the possibilities for evaluating performance in the course of color selection analysis based on the following assumptions:

The green color characterizes the flexibility of volitional manifestations in the difficult conditions of activities, which ensures the maintenance of health.

Red color characterizes the strength of will and sense of satisfaction with the desire to achieve the goal that also promotes the maintenance of health.

Yellow shields hopes for success, the spontaneous satisfaction in participating in activities (sometimes without a clear awareness of its details), the orientation for further work.

If all these three colors are at the beginning of the series and all together, then more productive activity is likely, higher efficiency. If they are in the second half of the series and are separated from each other, the forecast is less favorable.

Indicators of anxiety. If the main color is on the 6th place, it is indicated by —, and all the others that are behind him (7th — 8th position), are denoted by the same symbol. They should be considered as reject color as a cause of anxiety, negative state.

In the Lusher test, such cases are additionally marked with the letter A above the color number and the sign - for example:

Indicators of compensation. In the presence of a source of stress, anxiety (expressed in any primary color, is placed on the 6-th and 8-th positions) color, put in 1st position, is seen as an indicator of compensation (compensating motive, mood, behavior). In this case over the figure, zanimalsia 1st place, put the letter S. it is believed the phenomenon is more or less normal, when the compensation is one of the primary colors. At the same time, the mere presence of increased stress and payment always indicate a lack of optimality condition.

In those cases, when the payment is due to the additional colors, the test results are interpreted as indicators of the negative state, the negative motive, negative attitude towards environmental situation.

!

!!

!!!

А

А

А

2

1

4

The alarm intensity indicators are characterized by the position occupied by the primary colors. If the main color is in 6th place, the factor causing the alarm is considered relatively weak (this is indicated by one exclamation point); If the color is in 7- and positions, two exclamation marks are put (!!); If the main color in the 8th position, three characters are put (!!!). Thus, up to 6 signs can be supplied, characterizing sources of stress, anxiety, for example:

Similarly, cases of unfavorable compensation are assessed in the Lusher test. If the compensation is any of the primary colors or purple, no signs are placed. If the gray, brown or black color occupies the third position, one exclamation mark is placed, if the 2nd position, two signs (!!) are placed, if the first position is put three signs (!!!). Thus, there can be 6 of them, for example:

!!!

!!!

!

С

С

С

+

+

+

6

0

7

It is believed that the more "!" Signs, the more unfavorable the forecast.

Taking into account the obtained test results, it is advisable to make arrangements for the regulation and self-regulation of mental conditions, autogenic training. Re-testing after such events (in combination with other techniques) can provide information on reducing anxiety, tension.

Of particular importance in interpreting test results is the color estimate in the last 8th position (or in the 4th functional group, if there are two colors with the sign -). If the colors in this position are marked with exclamation marks, then the likelihood of developing a state of anxiety is quite high.

Pay attention to the ratio of the first and eighth positions, is there any compensation, is it built in the normal scheme?

Can be analyzed the ratio of colors in the second and third positions (the desired goal and the actual situation). If there's conflict between them? For example, the colour red in second and gray in third positions symbolize the conflict between goal motives and self-esteem of his real condition.

Analyzing and interpreting the results of Lusher's test, the psychodiagnostic information obtained should be compared with the materials of the questionnaire, observation, interviews, examination of documents about the subjects. Only with such a comprehensive study of personality can you make any serious conclusions about personality traits, its psychological characteristics.

The same should be said about the prospects for the use of test results for condition assessment, in particular emotional States, tension, anxiety. However, the coincidence of the performance of the color test (choice of colors No. 6, 7, 0 in first position) and the results of questionnaires and observations allows a greater confidence to judge the development of the subjects of different negative conditions.

Interpretation of color pairs by Luscher

Positions "+ +". The first color is blue

+1 +2 (blue and green) - a sense of satisfaction, tranquility, the desire for a calm environment, reluctance to participate in conflicts, stress.

+1 +3 (blue and red) - a sense of integrity, an active and not always conscious desire for a close relationship. The need for attention from others.

+1 +5 (blue and violet) - a small concern, the need for a subtle environment, the desire for aesthetic.

+1 +6 (blue and brown) - a sense of anxiety, fear of loneliness, the desire to escape from conflict, to avoid stress.

+1 +7 (blue and black) - a negative state, the desire for peace, rest, dissatisfaction with the attitude towards oneself, a negative attitude towards the situation.

+1 +0 (blue and gray) - a negative state, the need to get rid of stress, the desire for peace, rest.

The first color is green

+2 +1 (green and blue) - a positive state, the desire for recognition, to activities that ensure success.

+2 +3 (green and red) - an active pursuit of success, to independent solutions, overcoming obstacles in activities.

+2 +4 (green and yellow) - a small concern, the desire for recognition, popularity, the desire to impress.

+2 +5 (green and yellow) - a small concern, the desire for recognition, popularity, the desire for super-impressions, increased attention to the reactions of others to their actions.

+2 +6 (green and brown) - a feeling of dissatisfaction, fatigue, a reassessment of the importance of attitudes towards oneself from others.

+2 +7 (green and black) - a sense of resentment, anger, the desire for rigidity, authority in relationships.

+2 +0 (green and gray) - a feeling of dissatisfaction, a desire for recognition, a desire to impress.

The first color is red

+3 +1 (red and blue) - business excitement, active pursuit of activity, impressions, pleasures.

+3 +2 (red and green) - business excitement, active pursuit of goals, overcoming all difficulties, striving for a high evaluation of their activities.

+3 +4 (red and yellow) - business, slightly increased excitement, enthusiasm, optimism, striving for contacts, expanding the scope of activity.

+3 +5 (red and violet) - increased excitement, not always adequate enthusiasm, the desire to impress.

+3 +6 (red and brown) - negative mood, grief because of failure, unwillingness to lose the benefits of a pleasant situation.

+3 +7 (red and black) - a negative mood of anger, the desire to escape from an unfavorable situation.

+3 +0 (red and gray) - feeling of dissatisfaction, focus on risky action.

First color yellow

+4 +1 (yellow and blue) - the mood is generally positive, the desire for a positive emotional state, mutual support.

+4 +2 (yellow and green) - the mood is generally positive, the desire to find the first ways to solve the problems, the desire for self-affirmation.

+4 +3 (yellow and red) - somewhat increased business excitement, the desire for a broad active

+4 +5 (yellow and purple) - a small euphoria, the desire for bright events, the desire to impress.

+4 +6 (yellow and brown) - negative mood, grief and the need for emotional relaxation and rest.

+4 +7 (yellow and black) - a very negative mood, the desire to get away from any problems, a tendency to necessary, inadequate solutions.

+4 +0 (yellow and gray) - negative oppressed standing, the desire to get out of an unpleasant situation, a clear idea of ​​how to do it.

The first color is purple

+5 +1 (purple and blue) - an uncertain mood, the desire for harmony and harmony.

+5 +2 (purple and green) - alertness, the desire to impress.

+5 +3 (purple and red) - some excitement, enthusiasm, an active desire to impress.

+5 +4 (violet and yellow) - excitement, fantasy, desire for bright events.

+5 +6 (purple and brown) - excitement, focus on strong emotional experiences.

+5 +7 (violet and black) - a negative state.

+5 +0 (violet and gray) - tension, the desire to protect oneself from conflicts, stress.

The first color is brown

+6 +1 (brown and blue) - tension, fear of loneliness, the desire to escape from an unfavorable situation.

+6 +2 (brown and green) - a feeling of anxiety, a desire for strict control over oneself to avoid mistakes.

+6 +3 (brown and red) - an active desire for emotional relaxation.

+6 +4 (brown and yellow) - the loss of faith in positive prospects, the probability of rash decisions ("I do not care").

+6 +5 (brown and violet) - a feeling of dissatisfaction, a desire for comfort.

+6 +7 (brown and black) - a negative state, disappointment, the desire for peace, the desire to get away from activity.

+6 +0 (brown and gray) - a very negative state, the desire to get away from difficult problems, and not to fight them.

First color black

+7 +1 (black and blue) - a very negative state, the desire to get away from problems ("left alone".

+7 +2 (black and green) - excitement, angry attitude to others, not always adequate stubbornness.

+7 +3 (black and red) - a strong excitement, affective actions are possible.

+ 7 + 4 (black and yellow) - very negative state, despair, suicidal thoughts.

+7 +5 (black and violet) - tension, dreams of harmony.

+7 +6 (black and brown) - excitement, the setting of unrealistic tasks, the desire to get away from restless thoughts, unfavorable situations.

+7 +0 (black and gray) - a feeling of hopelessness, doom, desire to resist everything, inadequacy.

The first color is gray

+0 +1 (gray and blue) - a negative state, the desire for a calm situation.

+0 +2 (gray and green) - a negative state, a sense of hostility surrounding and a desire to be shielded from the environment.

+0 +3 (gray and red) - negative state, exalted requirements to others, not always adequate activity.

+0 +4 (gray and yellow) - a negative state, the desire to get away from problems, and not solve them.

+0 +5 (gray and purple) - a sense of anxiety and alertness, the desire to hide this feeling.

+0 +6 (gray and brown) - very negative standing, the desire to get away from everything complicated, difficult, with excitement.

+0 +7 (gray and black) - a very negative state, resentment, a sense of oppression, the likelihood of inadequate solutions.

Positions "- -". The first color is gray

-O -1 (gray and blue) - a feeling of dissatisfaction, emotional tension.

-0 -2 (gray and green) - emotional tension, a desire to get out of an unfavorable situation.

-O -3 (gray and red) - irritability, feeling of helplessness.

-O -4 (gray and yellow) - anxiety, lack of self-confidence.

-O-5 (gray and violet) - small controlled excitation.

-0 -6 (gray and brown) - anxiety, lack of self-confidence, but at the same time overestimated exactingness, desire to achieve recognition of one's personality.

-0 -7 (gray and black) - denial of any limitations of his personality, active pursuit of activity.

The first color is blue

-1 -2 (blue and green) - a strong tension, the desire to get rid of the negative stress state.

-1 -3 (blue and red) - a strong tension, a sense of helplessness, a desire to get out of an emotional situation.

-1 -4 (blue and yellow) - a condition close to stress, emotional negative experiences, feelings of helplessness.

-1 -5 (blue and violet) - a condition close to stress, the complexity of relationships, a sense of limitations in capabilities, impatience.

-1 -6 (blue and brown) - emotional dissatisfaction, self-restraint, search for support.

-1 -7 (blue and black) - a condition close to stress, emotional dissatisfaction, the desire to leave the psychogenic situation.

-1-O (blue and gray) - a somewhat depressed state, anxiety, a sense of hopelessness.

The first color is green

-2 -1 (green and blue) - the oppressed state of unbelief in one's own strength, the desire to escape from an unpleasant situation.

-2 -3 (green and red) - a strong excitement, painful experiences, relations with the environment for themselves hostile, affective actions are possible.

-2 -4 (green and red) - a state close to frustration, a sense of frustration, indecisiveness.

-2 -5 (green and violet) - a condition close to a stressful one, a feeling of insulted dignity, unbelief in oneself.

-2 -6 (green and brown) - a condition close to a stressful, inadequately increased self-control, an unreasonable desire for recognition.

-2 -7 (green and black) - the state of frustration for the limitations of ambitious demands, insufficient purposefulness.

-2 -0 (green and gray) - a state of frustration, irritation due to a number of failures, a decrease in willful qualities:

The first color is red

-3 -1 (red and blue) - suppressed excitement, irritability, impatience, finding a way out of the negative attitudes that have developed with close people

-3 -2 (red and green) - a state of stress due to inadequate self-esteem.

-3 -4 (red and yellow) - suspiciousness, anxiety, inadequate assessment of the environment, the desire for self-justification.

-3 -5 (red and purple) - a state of stress due to unsuccessful attempts to achieve mutual understanding, a sense of insecurity, helplessness, a desire for sympathy.

-3 -6 (red and brown) - a strong tension, sometimes caused by sexual self-restraint, lack of friendly contacts, insecurity in their abilities.

-3 -7 (red and black) - a state of stress due to deep frustration, frustration, a sense of anxiety, powerlessness to resolve a conflict problem, a desire to get out of a frustrating situation in any way, a doubt that it will be possible.

-3 -0 (red and gray) - restrained excitement, a sense of lost perspective, the probability of nervous exhaustion.

First color yellow

-4 -1 (yellow and blue) - a sense of frustration, a state close to stress, a desire to suppress negative emotions.

-4 -2 (yellow and green) - a state of indecision, anxiety, disappointment.

-4 -3 (yellow and red) - a state of stress accompanied by excitement, doubts about success, claims not supported by real possibilities, self-justification.

-4 -5 (yellow and purple) - emotional disappointment and feelings of anxiety, anxiety, disappointment.

-4 -7 (yellow and black) - tension, feeling of uncertainty, alertness, the desire to avoid control from the outside.

-4 -0 (yellow and gray) - tension, a sense of fear of losing something important, missing opportunities, tense anticipation.

The first color is purple

-5 -1 (violet and blue) - a feeling of dissatisfaction, stimulating to activity, the desire for cooperation.

-5 -2 (purple and green) - stressful conditions due to unfulfilled self-assertion.

-5 -3 (violet and red) - stressful due to failures in active, sometimes thoughtless actions!

-5 -4 (purple and yellow) - alertness, suspicion, disappointment, isolation.

-5 -6 (purple and brown) - stress caused by violation of desirable relationships, increased exactingness towards others.

-5 -7 (violet and black) - tension due to limitations in independent decisions, the desire for mutual understanding, frank expression of thoughts.

-5 -0 (purple and gray) is a manifestation of impatience, but at the same time the desire for self-control causes some emotional excitement.

The first color is brown

-6 -1 (brown and blue) - a negative state, a feeling of dissatisfaction due to insufficient recognition of merit (real and perceived), striving for self-restraint and self-control.

-6 -2 (brown and green) - a negative state due to excessive self-control, a stubborn desire to stand out, doubts that it will succeed.

-6 -3 (brown and red) - a stressful state due to the suppression of erotic and other biological needs, the desire to cooperate to overcome stress.

-6 -4 (brown and yellow) - the intensity of the desire to hide the alarm under the guise of confidence and carelessness.

-6 -5 (brown and violet) - a negative state due to unfulfilled desire for sensual harmony.

-6 -7 (brown and black) - the desire to withdraw from subordination, a negative attitude towards various prohibitions.

-6 -0 (brown and gray) - stress state due to suppression of biological, sexual needs.

First color black

-7 -1 (black and blue) - a state of anxiety due to the concealed desire to get help, support.

-7 -2 (black and green) - a state close to frustration due to the restriction of the freedom of the desired actions, the desire to get rid of interference.

-7 -3 (black and red) - a stressful condition caused by disappointment in the expected situation, emotional arousal.

-7 -4 (black and yellow) - a stressful condition due to fear of further failures, rejection of reasonable compromises.

-7 -5 (black and purple) - looking for an idealized situation.

-7 -6 (black and brown) - a stressful condition due to unpleasant restrictions, prohibitions, the desire to resist restrictions, to escape from mediocrity.

-7 -0 (black and gray) - the desire to escape from an unfavorable situation.

The first color is gray

-0 -1 (gray and blue) - some tension, the desire to resist negative feelings.

-0 -2 (gray and green) - a negative state due to overexertion, overwork.

-0 -3 (gray and red) - suppressed anxiety, the possibility of affective actions, irritability.

-0 -4 (gray and yellow) - feelings of anxiety, uncertainty.

-0 -5 (gray and violet) - tension due to suppression of sensory experiences.

-0 -6 (gray and brown) - the desire to get out of an unfavorable situation, somewhat exaggerated self-esteem.

-O -7 (gray and black) - the desire to exit from an unfavorable situation, the hope for good prospects in the future.

Max Luscher compiled a special table in which combinations of colors in different positions were marked, reflecting the conflicts experienced by the subjects (without touching the cause, the motives of these conflicts). Consider the first two and the last two positions with a set of colors, reflecting serious conflicts:

Positions 1,2

7,8

0 4 XX

0 1 XX

0 6 XX

0 2 XXX

0 7 XXX

0 3 XX

1 7 XX

0 4 XX

2 7 XX

1 2 XXX

3 7 XX

1 3 XXX

4 0 XX

1 4 XXX

4 6 XX

2 0 XX

4 7 XX

2 1 XXX

6 0 XX

2 3 XXX

6 4 XX

2 4 XXX

6 7 XXX

3 0 XX

7 0 XXX

3 1 XXX

7 1 XX

3 2 XXX

7 2 XX

3 4 XXX

7 3 XX

3 5 XX

7 4 XX

4 1 XXX

7 5 XX

4 2 XXX

7 6 XX

4 3 XXX

 

5 3 XX

 

6 3 XX

 

7 3 XX

 

Video report of Max Lusher. Color psycho-diagnostics